Top 15 ‘Cow With Long Hair’ Breeds, Diet, Characteristics, Habitats, and Behavior

Long-Haired Cows, with their striking and majestic appearance, have captivated the hearts of cattle enthusiasts and nature lovers worldwide.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the diverse world of Long-Haired Cow breeds, their daily diet, gestation periods, sleeping habits, physical characteristics, habitats, behavior, and lifestyle.

Cow With Long Hair

What Are Long-Haired Cows Called?

Long-Haired Cows are often simply referred to by their breed names. Some of the most famous Long-Haired Cow breeds include:

  • Highland Cattle: Known for their impressive shaggy coats and distinctive “bangs” or Hair over their eyes, Highland cattle are native to Scotland and thrive in rugged terrains.
  • Galloway Cattle: These Cows have dense, wavy coats that come in various colors, including black, red, and dun. They are admired for their gentle temperament.
  • Icelandic Cattle: Hailing from Iceland, these Cows have adapted to harsh climates with their thick, shaggy coats. They come in a variety of colors.
  • Scottish Highland Crossbreeds: These Cows are the result of crossbreeding with Highland cattle and may inherit their Long-Haired characteristics.

Top 4 Long-Haired Cow Breeds

1. Highland Cattle

  • Daily Diet: Highland cattle are known for their ability to graze on rough, poor-quality forage, making them efficient foragers. They primarily consume grass, heather, and other vegetation found in their rugged habitats.
  • Gestation Period: Approximately 9 months.
  • Sleeping Time: Like most cattle, Highland cattle spend a significant portion of their day resting and sleeping, often lying down for several hours.
  • Aggressiveness: Highland cattle are generally docile and calm, but like all cattle, they can become aggressive if they feel threatened or cornered.
  • Physical Characteristics: Highland cattle are renowned for their Long, shaggy Hair, which serves as insulation against harsh weather conditions. Their characteristic “bangs” or Hair that covers their eyes helps protect them from insects.
  • Habitat: Highland cattle are well-suited to the rugged and hilly terrain of Scotland, where they are native. They are often found in upland areas and can withstand cold, wet climates.

2. Galloway Cattle

  • Daily Diet: Galloway cattle are primarily herbivores, feeding on grasses, forbs, and other vegetation. They are known for their ability to graze on less nutritious pastures.
  • Gestation Period: Approximately 9 months.
  • Sleeping Time: Similar to other cattle, Galloway cattle spend a significant portion of their time resting and lying down.
  • Aggressiveness: Galloway cattle are generally known for their gentle temperament and are less likely to exhibit aggressive behavior.
  • Physical Characteristics: These Cows have a dense, wavy, and often curly coat that provides excellent insulation. They come in various colors, including black, red, and dun.
  • Habitat: Galloway cattle originated in Scotland and are well-adapted to rugged and hilly terrains, similar to Highland cattle.

3. Icelandic Cattle

  • Daily Diet: Icelandic cattle are grass-fed and may also graze on various types of vegetation. They are known for their ability to thrive in the challenging Icelandic climate.
  • Gestation Period: Approximately 9 months.
  • Sleeping Time: Icelandic cattle, like most cattle, spend a significant portion of their time resting, especially during the night.
  • Aggressiveness: Icelandic cattle are generally docile and well-behaved, but individual temperament can vary.
  • Physical Characteristics: These Cows have a thick, shaggy coat that helps them withstand Iceland’s harsh winters. Their coats come in various colors, including black, brown, and white.
  • Habitat: Icelandic cattle are native to Iceland and are well-suited to its cold and demanding climate.

4. Scottish Highland Crossbreeds

  • Daily Diet: Crossbred Highland cattle may have dietary preferences that resemble their Highland ancestors, primarily grazing on grass and rough vegetation.
  • Gestation Period: Approximately 9 months.
  • Sleeping Time: Similar to their Highland counterparts, crossbred Highland cattle spend a substantial part of their day resting and lying down.
  • Aggressiveness: Aggressiveness can vary among crossbred Highland cattle, but they often inherit the docile temperament of Highland cattle.
  • Physical Characteristics: Crossbred Highland cattle inherit the distinctive Long, shaggy Hair from their Highland lineage, making them well-suited to colder climates.
  • Habitat: Crossbred Highland cattle can adapt to a range of habitats, depending on the environmental conditions and other contributing factors.

Lifespan of Long-Haired Cows

The lifespan of Long-Haired Cows varies depending on several factors, including breed, environmental conditions, and overall care. On average, these remarkable bovines can live for 15 to 25 years.

However, some individuals have been known to reach their early 30s when provided with optimal living conditions, a balanced diet, and proper healthcare.

To ensure a Long and healthy life for Long-Haired Cows, it’s crucial to address their specific needs. Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and attention to dietary requirements play a significant role in promoting their Longevity.

Bathing Care for Long-Haired Cows

Bathing care for Long-Haired Cows is essential to maintain their health, comfort, and overall well-being. Here are some key considerations:

  1. Frequency: Long-Haired Cows don’t need frequent baths. Typically, an annual or biannual bath during the warmer months is sufficient. Over-bathing can strip their Hair of natural oils and lead to skin issues.
  2. Choosing the Right Time: Opt for a warm and sunny day for bathing to allow ample time for drying. Ensure the Cow is comfortable and relaxed before starting.
  3. Gentle Approach: Use a soft brush or comb to remove dirt, debris, and loose Hair from their coat before bathing. This prevents tangling during the washing process.
  4. Mild Shampoo: Use a mild, Cow-specific shampoo to avoid irritation. Gently massage the shampoo into the coat, paying attention to areas prone to dirt buildup.
  5. Rinse Thoroughly: Rinse the Cow’s coat thoroughly to remove all traces of shampoo. Incomplete rinsing can lead to skin irritation.
  6. Drying: Allow the Cow to air dry in a clean, dry environment. Avoid using Hairdryers, as they can scare and stress the Cow.
  7. Aftercare: Once dry, brush the Cow’s coat again to prevent matting and tangling. Provide clean bedding to keep them comfortable.


In summary, Long-Haired Cows, including breeds like Highland, Galloway, Icelandic, and crossbreeds, possess unique characteristics and adaptations that enable them to thrive in diverse habitats.

Their impressive coats not only provide insulation but also add to their aesthetic appeal. Understanding their dietary needs, gestation periods, sleeping habits, and temperaments is essential for those interested in raising or appreciating these magnificent creatures.

Whether you encounter them in the rugged Scottish Highlands or other parts of the world, Long-Haired Cows are a testament to nature’s adaptability and beauty.