Top 20 ‘Large Chicken Breeds’ Characteristics, Diet, Lifespan, Health Care, and More

Large Chicken Breeds are a remarkable addition to any backyard flock, offering not only ample egg production but also charming personalities and unique physical characteristics.

In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the top 20 Large Chicken Breeds, their daily diet, gestation period (incubation time for eggs), sleeping habits, temperament, physical traits, habitat preferences, and their overall behavior and lifestyle.

Large Chicken Breeds

Top 20 Large Chicken Breeds

  1. Jersey Giant: Renowned for their gentle nature, Jersey Giants are the Largest of all Chicken Breeds.
  2. Brahma: Brahma Chickens are known for their feathered feet and docile temperament.
  3. Australorp: These prolific egg layers hold a world record for egg production.
  4. Orpington: Orpingtons are famous for their fluffy appearance and friendly demeanor.
  5. Plymouth Rock: Also known as Barred Rocks, these Chickens are excellent layers and adaptable to various climates.
  6. Langshan: Langshans have striking black plumage and are prized for their meat quality.
  7. Cochin: Cochins are fluffy, Large, and make excellent broody hens.
  8. Dorking: Dorkings are known for their unique five-toed feet and excellent meat flavor.
  9. Sussex: Sussex Chickens come in various colors and are both good layers and meat birds.
  10. Faverolles: Faverolles Chickens are easily recognizable by their muffs and beards.
  11. Rhode Island Red: A hardy Breed, Rhode Island Reds excel in egg production.
  12. New Hampshire Red: Similar to Rhode Island Reds, these birds are great layers.
  13. Wyandotte: Wyandottes are cold-hardy and come in various color varieties.
  14. Delaware: Delaware Chickens are dual-purpose birds known for their meat and eggs.
  15. Chantecler: A Canadian Breed, Chanteclers are cold-resistant and excellent layers.
  16. Sultan: Sultans are unique with their feathered legs and crests, making them more ornamental.
  17. Cubalaya: Known for their striking appearance and originated in Cuba.
  18. Houdan: Houdans are easily recognizable due to their crests and beards.
  19. Cornish: Cornish Chickens are primarily raised for their meat.
  20. Jersey Sussex: Jersey Sussex Chickens are a crossBreed known for their friendly demeanor.

Large Chicken Daily Diet

Large Chicken Breeds, like all Chickens, require a balanced diet for optimal health. Their diet should consist of:

  • Chicken Feed: Commercial Chicken feed provides essential nutrients.
  • Fresh Water: Access to clean water is crucial for hydration.
  • Grains: Grains like corn and wheat can be offered as treats.
  • Vegetables: Leafy greens and kitchen scraps are nutritious additions.
  • Insects: Chickens enjoy foraging for insects and grubs.

Large Chicken Gestation Period (Incubation Time)

Chickens don’t have a gestation period as mammals do, but they do have an incubation period for their eggs. Large Chicken Breeds typically have an incubation period of 21 days, during which the mother hen incubates the eggs or they are placed in an incubator.

Large Chicken Sleeping Time

Chickens are diurnal creatures, which means they are most active during the day and prefer to roost at night. They need a safe and comfortable coop for sleeping.

Large Chicken Temperament

Large Chicken Breeds can vary in temperament, but many of them are known for their docile and friendly nature. Proper handling and socialization can contribute to a well-behaved flock.

Large Chicken Physical Characteristics

Large Chicken Breeds often exhibit unique physical traits, such as feathered feet, crests, and various plumage colors. These characteristics add to their charm and appeal.

Large Chicken Habitat Preferences

Chickens, including Large Breeds, require a suitable habitat with shelter from the elements, nesting boxes for egg-laying, and access to outdoor space for foraging.

Large Chicken Behavior and Lifestyle

Chickens are social animals that thrive in flocks. They enjoy scratching the ground for insects, dust bathing, and roosting together. Providing enriching activities can enhance their well-being.

Large Chicken Lifespan

The lifespan of a Large Chicken can vary depending on factors like Breed, genetics, diet, and overall care. On average, Large Chicken Breeds can live anywhere from 5 to 10 years.

Proper health care, a balanced diet, and a safe environment can contribute to a longer and healthier life for your Chickens.

Large Chicken Bathing and Health Care

Bathing Chickens may not be necessary, as they are naturally equipped to maintain their feathers. Chickens engage in dust baths to remove excess oils and parasites from their plumage.

Providing them with a dust bath area, such as a shallow box filled with sand or dirt, allows them to care for their feathers.

Health care for Large Chickens includes:

  • Regular Health Checks: Periodically inspect your Chickens for signs of illness, injury, or parasites.
  • Vaccinations: Depending on your region and specific Breed, vaccinations may be recommended to protect against common poultry diseases.
  • Diet: Provide a balanced diet with appropriate nutrients to support their health and egg production.
  • Clean Environment: Maintain a clean and dry coop to prevent disease and mites.

Large Chicken Breeds Trainability

Chickens, including Large Breeds, can be trained to some extent. They can learn to recognize their owners, come when called, and follow simple commands.

Positive reinforcement, such as treats, can be used for training purposes. While they may not be as trainable as dogs, Chickens can still develop basic behaviors.

Maximum Size of a Chicken

The maximum size of a Chicken depends on the Breed. Large Chicken Breeds, such as Jersey Giants and Brahmas, can weigh between 10 to 15 pounds or more. Roosters are generally Larger than hens within the same Breed.

King of Chickens Breed

The title of the “King of Chickens” often goes to the Jersey Giant Breed. Jersey Giants are known for their remarkable size, gentle temperament, and impressive meat production. They are considered the Largest Chicken Breed in the world.

Heavy Chickens

Heavy Chickens are Breeds specifically raised for their meat production. They are known for their substantial body size and meat quality. Some popular heavy Chicken Breeds include the Jersey Giant, Cornish Cross, and Brahmas.

Large Chicken Breed Prices

The prices of Large Chicken Breeds can vary widely based on factors such as Breed popularity, age, and pedigree. On average, you can expect to pay anywhere from $3 to $50 or more per chick, depending on the Breed. Rare or specialty Breeds may command higher prices.


In conclusion, Large Chicken Breeds offer a fascinating and rewarding experience for backyard Chicken enthusiasts. Whether you prioritize egg production, meat quality, or ornamental features, there is a Large Chicken Breed to suit your preferences.

Understanding their dietary needs, incubation periods, temperament, and habitat requirements will help you provide the best care for these delightful birds.